<b>A Reading in the Applied Ibāḍī <i>Fiqh</i> of International Relations: The Directive of Imām al-á¹¢alt (d. 275/888) to His Army Concerning Socotra</b>

Authors

  • Anke Iman Bouzenita Sultan Qaboos University

Abstract

https://doi.org/10.12730/13091719.2019.101.188 The directive of the Omani Ibāḍī Imām al-á¹¢alt ibn Khamīs al-Kharūṣī, read out to his army upon their deployment to the island of Socotra, is a document of 3rd/9th century Islamic international law. The local Christian community, being under covenant (dhimmah) with the Muslims, had broken their treaty by rebelling against Muslim rule and killing the Imām´s governor. This article analyzes the available historical sources and the directive as contained in Tuḥfat al-aʿyān bi-ṣīrat ahl ʿUmān, by the 13th/19th-century Omani scholar Imām al-Sālimī. It covers questions of authorship, details surrounding the campaign, and Islamic rules on international relations according to the Ibāḍī school. It provides insight into military organization and administration in al-á¹¢alt´s imamate and allows an assessment of Muslim-Christian and international relations as well as those between followers of Ibāḍism and other schools. Al-á¹¢alt´s legacy sets high ethical standards for warfare and anticipates a number of deliberations commonly considered as modern.

Author Biography

Anke Iman Bouzenita, Sultan Qaboos University

 

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Published

2019-11-26

How to Cite

Bouzenita, A. I. (2019). <b>A Reading in the Applied Ibāḍī <i>Fiqh</i> of International Relations: The Directive of Imām al-á¹¢alt (d. 275/888) to His Army Concerning Socotra</b>. Ilahiyat Studies, 10(1), 7–45. Retrieved from https://ilahiyatstudies.org/index.php/journal/article/view/577

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