The reception of Ibn Sīnā's Physics in later Islamic thought

Authors

  • Jules Louis Janssens Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Keywords:

Ibn Sīnā, Bahmanyār b. Marzubān, Abū l-ʿAbbās al-Lawkarī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, Mullā á¹¢adrā al-Shīrāzī, Physics

Abstract

https://doi.org/10.12730/13091719.2010.11.3 In the Physics of his major encyclopedia al-Shifāʾ, Ibn Sīnā does not limit himself to paraphrase Aristotle's Physics, but also adds important innovative ideas. However, one may wonder whether they did really influence the later Islamic tradition? Based on the treatise on change, present in Ibn Sīnā's Physics, II, 1-4, it is shown that major later thinkers as Bahmanyār b. Marzubān, Abū l-ʿAbbās al-Lawkarī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Mullā á¹¢adrā al-Shīrāzī were using his exposé in a significant way. Certainly, they did it in very different ways, but they clearly expressed their own views with an eye on Ibn Sīnā's doctrine. The present paper details the elements and scope of this influence.

Author Biography

Jules Louis Janssens, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Collaborator De Wulf-Mansioncentrum Chercheur associé CNRS -Paris

References

Albert the Great, Physica, V-VIII, (ed. P. Hossfeld; Aschendorf: Mon-asterium Westfalorum, 1988).

Arnaldez, Roger, Fakhr al-dīn al-Rāzī: Commentateur du Coran et phi-losophe (Ãtudes Musulmanes, 37), (Paris: Vrin, 2002).

Bahmanyār b. Marzubān, Kitāb al-taḥṣīl, (ed. M. Muṭahharī; Tehran: Tehran University Press, 1970; reprinted Tehran: Intishārāt Dānishgāh-i Tehrān, 1375 H.S.).

Daiber, Hans, Aetius Arabus: Die Vorsokratiker in arabischer Über-lieferung, (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1980).

Eichner, Heidrun, "Dissolving the Unity of Metaphysics: From Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī to Mullā á¹¢adrā al-Shīrāzī", Medioevo, 32 (2007), 139-197.

Fārābī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ṭarkhān, ʿUyūn al-masāʾil, (ed. F. Dieterici; in id., Alfārābī's philosophische Ab-handlungen, Leiden: Brill, 1890).

Fazlur Rahman, Prophecy in Islam: Philosophy and Orthodoxy, (London: Allen & Unwin, 1958; reprint, Chicago & London: The Uni-versity of Chicago Press, 1979).

Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Maqāṣid al-falāsifa, (ed. S. Dunyā; Cairo: Dār al-Maʿārif, 1960).

Grosseteste, Robert, Commentarius in VIII Libros Physicorum Aristo-telis, (ed. R. C. Dales; Boulder: Colorado, 1963).

Gutas, Dimitri, "Avicenna's Eastern ("Oriental") Philosophy, Nature, Contents, Transmission", Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 10 (2000), 159-180. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0957423900000072

Hasnawi, Ahmed, "Alexandre d'Aphrodise vs. Jean Philopon: Notes sur quelques traités d'Alexandre 'perdus' en grec, conservés en arabe", Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 4 (1994), 53-109. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0957423900001867

Hasnawi, Ahmed, "La définition du mouvement dans la Physique du Å ifāʾ d'Avicenne", Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 11 (2001), 219-255. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0957423901001102

Ibn Sīnā, Abū ʿAlī Ḥusayn b. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAlī, al-Najāt, (ed. Muḥammad Taqī Dānish-Pazhūh; Tehran: Intishārāt Dānishgāh-i Tehrān, 1364 H.S.).

Ibn Sīnā, al-Najāt, (ed. Muḥyī al-Dīn á¹¢abrī Kurdī; 2nd ed., Cairo: Maṭbaʿat al-Saʿāda, 1938).

Ibn Sīnā, al-Shifāʾ, al-Samāʿ al-ṭabīʿī, (ed. S. Zayed; Cairo: al-Hayʾa al-Miṣriyya al-ʿāmma li l-Kitāb, 1983).

Ibn Sīnā, al-Shifāʾ, Kitāb al-nafs, (ed. F. Rahman; London: Oxford University Press, 1959).

Ibn Sīnā, Dānish-nāmeh, Ṭabīʿiyyāt, (ed. M. Meshkāt; Tehran: Intishārāt Anjuman-i āthār-i Millī, 1953; repr. Hamadān: Dānishgāh-i Bū ʿAlī Sīnā, 2004).

Ibn Sīnā, Kitāb al-inṣāf: Sharḥ Kitāb ḥarf al-lām, in ʿA. Badawī (ed.), Arisṭū ʿinda l-ʿArab, (Kuwait: Wakālat al-Maṭbūʿāt, 1st ed. 1947, 2nd ed. 1978), 22-31.

Janssens, Jules, "Bahmanyār b. Marzubān: A Faithful Disciple of Ibn Sīnā?", in David C. Reisman, with the assistance of Ahmed H. al-Rahim (eds.), Before and After Avicenna: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Avicenna Study Group (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science, 52), (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 177-197.

Janssens, Jules, "Bahmanyār, and His Revision of Ibn Sīnā's Metaphysical Project", Medioevo, 32 (2007), 99-117.

Janssens, Jules, Ibn Sīnā and His Influence on the Arabic and Latin World (Variorum Reprints, CSS, 843), (Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate, 2006).

Janssens, Jules, "Ibn Sīnā: An Extraordinary Historian of the Sciences", in M. Mazak and N. Özkaya (eds.), Uluslararası İbn Sînâ Sempozyumu -Bildiriler- 22-24 Mayıs 2008, İstanbul [International Ibn Sīnā Sympo-sium -Papers- May, 22-24, 2008, Istanbul], (Istanbul: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kültür A. Ş. Yayınları, 2009), II, 83-93; Turkish translation by O. Baş, ibid., II, 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1038/458831a - https://doi.org/10.1038/4591069a

Janssens, Jules, "Ibn Sīnā's Impact on Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī's al-Mabāḥith al-Mashriqiyya, with Particular Regard to the Section entitled al-Ilāhiyyāt al-maḥḍa: An Essay of Critical Evaluation", Documenti e Studi sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale, 20 (2010), in press.

Janssens, Jules, "L'Avicenne Latin: un témoin (indirect) des commentateurs (Alexandre d'Aphrodise-Thémistius-Jean Philopon)", in J. Janssens, Ibn Sīnā and His Influence on the Arabic and Latin World, (Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate, 2006), 89-105.

Janssens, Jules, "L'Avicenne Latin: un témoin (indirect) des commentateurs (Alexandre d'Aphrodise-Thémistius-Jean Philopon)", in R. Beyers, J. Brams, D. Sacré and K. Verrycken (eds.), Tradition et traduction: Les textes philosophiques et scientifiques au moyen âge latin (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Series I, vol. 25), (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1999), 89-105.

Janssens, Jules, "The Notions of Wāhib al-ṣuwar (Giver of Forms) and Wāhib al-ʿaql (Bestower of Intelligence) in Ibn Sīnā", in M. C. Pacheco and J. F. Meirinhos (eds.), Intellect et Imagination dans la Philosophie Médiévale (Actes du XIe Congrès International de Philosophie Médiévale de la SIEPM. Porto, du 26 au 31 août 2002) (Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale, 11), (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), 551-562.

Janssens, Jules, "The Reception of Avicenna's Physics in the Latin Middle Ages" in I. Vrolijk and J. P. Hogendijk (eds.), O ye Gentlemen: Arabic Studies on Science and Literary Culture in honour of Remke Kruk (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science, 74), (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2007), 55-64.

Lameer, Joep, Al-Fārābī and Aristotelian Syllogistics: Greek Theory and Islamic Practice (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science, 20), (Leiden: Brill, 1994).

Lawkarī, Abū l-ʿAbbās Faḍl b. Muḥammad, Bayān al-ḥaqq bi-ḍamān al-ṣidq, MS. (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 5900).

McGinnis, Jon, "Positioning Heaven: The Infidelity of a Faithful Aristotelian", Phronesis, 51 (2006), 140-161. https://doi.org/10.1163/156852806777006778

Michot, Yahya M., Ibn Sīnā: Lettre au Vizir Abū Saʿd: Editio princeps d'après le manuscrit de Bursa, traduction de l'arabe, introduction, notes et lexique (Sagesses Musulmanes, 4), (Beirut: al-Burāq, 2000).

Michot, Yahya M., "La réponse d'Avicenne à Bahmanyār et al-Kirmānī: Pré-sentation, traduction critique et lexique arabe-français de la Mubāḥatha III", Le Muséon 110 (1997), 143-221. https://doi.org/10.2143/MUS.110.1.525804

Mullā á¹¢adrā, Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Shīrāzī, al-Asfār al-arbaʿa, 9 vols., (ed. R. Luṭfī; Qom: Manshūrāt al-Muṣṭafāwī, 1958-1969).

Rāzī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿUmar, al-Mabāḥith al-mashriqiyya, (Qom: M. Amīr, 1411 H.).

Reisman, David C., The Making of the Avicennan Tradition: The Trans-mission, Contents, and Structure of Ibn Sīnā's al-Mubāḥathāt (The Discussions) (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science, 49), (Leiden: Brill, 2002).

Riet, S. van, Janssens, J. and Allard, A. (eds.), Avicenna Latinus: Liber primus naturalium, Tractatus secundus, De motu et de consimilibus, (Brussels: Académie Royale de Belgique, 2006), 147-213.

Shahrastānī, Abū l-Fatḥ Tāj al-Dīn Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm, Kitāb al-Milal wa l-niḥal, 2 vols., (ed. W. Cureton; London: n.p., 1842-1846).

Shahrastānī, Livre des religions et des sectes, 2 vols., traduction avec introduction et notes par J. Jolivet et G. Monnot, (Paris: UNESCO, 1986-1993).

Thomas Aquinas, Commentarium in VIII Libros Physicorum, (ed. Maggiolo; Taurini: Marietti, 1954).

Yaḥyá (Philoponus), Sharḥ al-Ṭabīʿa, in ʿA. Badawī (ed.), Arisṭūṭālīs, al-Ṭabīʿa: Tarjama Isḥāq b. Ḥunayn maʿa shurūḥ Ibn al-Samḥ wa Ibn ʿAdī wa Mettá b. Yūnus wa Abī l-Faraj Ibn al-Ṭayyib, (Cairo: al-Hayʾa al-Miṣriyya al-ʿāmma li l-Kitāb, 1984).

Downloads

Published

2010-10-10

How to Cite

Janssens, J. L. (2010). The reception of Ibn Sīnā’s Physics in later Islamic thought. Ilahiyat Studies, 1(1), 15–36. Retrieved from https://ilahiyatstudies.org/index.php/journal/article/view/35

Issue

Section

Articles